November 1, 2016

The Night Sky: More shooting stars for November

By GERRY LEBING

Although the Orionids meteor shower peaked in October, it is still active until Nov. 7.  Expect 20 to 25 meteorites per hour.  The shooting stars can appear in any part of the skies but they will seem to originate from the constellation, Orion. Look for the Orionids between midnight and dawn.

Similarly, the Southern Taurids meteor shower also peaked in October, but there are predictions of high activity on the nights of Nov. 4 and 5.  This is a minor shower, but it has a good record of producing fireballs.  Peak viewing will be around 12:30 a.m.

The Northern Taurids will peak on the night of Nov. 11.  Like the Southern Taurids, this is a minor shower that has a reputation for producing fireballs.  Peak viewing is around midnight.

Like the Orionids, the shooting stars -- and fireballs -- from the Taurids can appear anywhere in the night skies, but they will appear to emanate from the constellation Taurus. If you’re a stickler for finding the source of the Taurids, try locating the Pleiades, M45.   It’s just about in the center of the constellation.

The Pleiades will rise in the east at about 6:45 p.m. on Nov. 1.  It’s a tight cluster of stars you can use to check your vision.  There are six prominent stars that are readily visible with the naked eye. Under very dark good conditions, you might be able to spot more.  

The Leonids meteor shower will peak just before dawn on the morning of Nov. 17. These shooting stars will appear to originate almost directly overhead from the constellation Leo.  

November will start with Venus and Saturn in the southwest at dusk.  Mars will start the month about 30 degrees above the south-southwest horizon. For those of you with a telescope, Neptune and Uranus will both be in the southeast skies.

Jupiter will be visible in the pre-dawn skies near the eastern horizon.  On Nov. 1, it rises at 5:04 a.m.

OCTOBER HIGHLIGHTS

The second half of October brought clear skies and long, dark nights, which allowed me to focus on my favorite nebula, NGC 7293, the Helix Nebula.  Sometimes called “the Eye of God” or the “Eye of Sauron” (for all or you Tolkien fans), the Helix Nebula is fairly close to us.  It’s only 900 light years away.  The Helix Nebula is very large, but it’s not very easy to see through a telescope.

If the nebula appears to look like a pipe, you’re right!  We are literally looking into the end of a trillion-mile long tunnel.  Imagine getting stuck in that at rush hour!



Another nebula I was able to capture is the Wizard Nebula, NGC 7389.  At magnitude +11, the Wizard Nebula is difficult to image.    It’s a star forming region that’s located about 7,200 light years away.  The Wizard Nebula was discovered in 1787 by Caroline Hershel.

At first I had a difficult time seeing the “wizard,” but now the image brings up memories from Disney’s Fantasia.  In truth, I’m not sure if I’m seeing a wizard or a dancing broom!




MOON PHASES

First Quarter: November 7

Full moon: November 14

Last Quarter: November 21

New moon: November 29

(Gerry Lebing is a retired computer scientist with the U.S. Geological Survey in Washington, D.C.  He has visited Hatteras Island since the mid-1970s. He and his wife, Karen, have owned property here for several years and moved to their home in Waves full-time in 2013.  Astronomy is a subject that Gerry says he has always been interested in and one that he pursues seriously -- he's built an small observatory next to his house. You can send him questions about the night sky through e-mail, [email protected].)



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