The federal government and Gov. Roy Cooper’s
administration remain on course for a legal battle over the push to
open the East Coast to offshore oil and gas exploration and drilling.
After a weekend meeting with Secretary of the Interior Ryan Zinke,
Cooper said he had reiterated his request for an exemption similar to
one given to Florida, telling Zinke the state would sue if the Trump
administration moves ahead with oil and gas exploration off North
Carolina’s coast. Cooper also called on residents to get involved and
keep up the fight.
“I call on the citizens of North Carolina to be loud about this issue,”
Cooper said during a press conference after the Saturday morning
session with Zinke.
Cooper was joined in the discussion at the executive mansion in Raleigh
by representatives of the coastal region, who he said conveyed concerns
to Zinke about the potential risks to the coast’s unique environment
and an economy based on tourism and fisheries.
“I think he heard loud and clear from a cross section of North Carolina
that we do not want offshore oil and gas drilling off the coast of
North Carolina,” Cooper said. “We’ve been saying since this summer ‘no
way, not off our coast.’”
On Friday, Zinke met with South Carolina Gov. Henry McMaster, who also
asked for an exemption to the proposed leasing program. Since the
announcement last summer that Atlantic Coast waters would be reopened
to oil and gas leasing, states have been lining up to seek exemptions.
The pressure grew in January when Zinke granted Florida an exemption on
the grounds that the state’s economy was too heavily dependent on
Cooper said North Carolina deserves the same exemption extended to
Florida and said the state would take the federal government to court
if it is not granted.
State Attorney General Josh Stein, who also attended the meeting, said
Zinke told the group every governor on the East Coast is opposed to the
program. Stein echoed the governor’s threat.
“If we are unsuccessful in convincing the secretary to exempt North
Carolina from this offshore drilling program, we will take him to court
to protect our coast, our coastal economy and our people,” Stein said.
Cooper also asked for the comment period on the Trump administration’s
proposed five-year plan announced Jan. 4 that would open almost all
U.S. offshore waters to seismic exploration and drilling for oil and
natural gas to be open for an additional 60 days and that public
hearings in Wilmington, Morehead City and Kill Devil Hills be added to
the schedule. The only public meeting planned in North Carolina is set
for Feb. 26 in Raleigh as an “open house” information session, not a
“He seemed receptive to that,” Cooper said of the request.
Joining Cooper and Stein for the meeting with Zinke were Department of
Environment Quality Secretary Michael Regan; Coastal Resources
Commission Chair Renee Cahoon; Stan Riggs, coastal and marine geologist
at East Carolina University; Nags Head Mayor Pro Tem Susie Walters;
Atlantic Beach Mayor Trace Cooper; Dare County Commission chair Bob
Woodard; New Hanover County Commissioner Rob Zapple; Tom Kies,
president of Carteret County Chamber of Commerce; and Capt. Dave Timpy,
a retired Army Corps of Engineers specialist in coastal engineering who
runs a charter fishing business in Wilmington.
Timpy said his goal was to explain that the currents off the North
Carolina coast would distribute an oil spill not just to the beaches,
but into the uniquely rich fishery between Frying Pan Shoals and Cape
“These are the hard-bottom areas that a lot of fishermen catch flounder
on, king mackerel on — a tremendous, diverse marine habitat,” Timpy
said. “What I tried to explain to the secretary is that if you have an
oil spill in these areas and they become coated like they did in BP
Horizon they’ll get destroyed. It’ll be a total disaster. There’s no
way to restore them. There’s no going back and it would be devastating
to this area.”
Atlantic Beach Mayor Trace Cooper said he appreciated Zinke’s
willingness to listen.
“This is far from a done deal,” he said. “They’re genuinely interested
in listening and I think the fact that they listened in Florida is
At the same time, Mayor Cooper said, the department should allow
coastal residents more of an opportunity to comment on the new
proposal. “If you say you’re here to listen then you need to have the
meetings in the places where the people who will be affected live. So,
having some meetings on the coast is just common sense.”
Legislative Leaders Seek Collaboration
Zinke also met Saturday with members of the North Carolina General
Rep. Ted Davis, R-New Hanover, who attended the meeting, told the
Raleigh News & Observer that he had conveyed his concerns about
offshore drilling and that Zinke had assured him that a public hearing
would be held on the coast.
House Speaker Tim Moore, R-Cleveland, in a statement released after the
meeting, did not stake out a position on the offshore program, but
pointed instead to recently passed legislation on renewable energy as
an area where the state and federal government can work together.
“We expressed to Secretary Zinke that the North Carolina House will
maintain a collaborative approach to our state’s energy policy,” Moore
said in the statement.
The attitude toward offshore oil and exploration in Raleigh has made a
remarkable reversal since 2013 when offshore testing and the potential
for hydraulic fracturing for natural gas in the Piedmont were touted as
the state’s new energy future by then Gov. Pat McCrory. McCrory said at
the time the state could reap millions of dollars in royalties from
offshore drilling, although that would have required a major change in
federal royalty policy.
Cooper said Saturday that royalties would likely never materialize and
said Zinke offered no incentives for the state to support the plan.
“There is very little evidence that North Carolina would gain much
economically from offshore drilling,” Cooper said.
Supporters of offshore exploration pushed back against completely
writing off the seismic exploration proposal.
On Twitter, David McGowan, executive director of the North Carolina
Petroleum Council, said the most recent tests off the coast are more
than 30 years old.
“Right now, Gov. Cooper & other opponents want to make a decision
without all the scientific data and other the relevant facts available
to inform the decision making process. Once we have all the data, it
may be clear the resource isn’t there or isn’t economical,” McGowan
Cooper said there “was a little argument back and
forth” Saturday with Zinke on seismic exploration.
DEQ Secretary Regan had on Saturday made a case against the process,
which uses powerful blasts from arrays of air guns to locate oil and
natural gas beneath the seafloor, citing concerns about the dangers
biologists say it poses to marine mammals.
The National Marine Fisheries Service, or NMFS, proposed last June to
issue five permits that would allow the oil and gas industry to conduct
the controversial seismic surveys for oil and natural gas off the East
Coast from the New Jersey-Delaware border to central Florida.
In December, DEQ asked the four companies that had received conditional
approval to conduct seismic testing to submit additional information on
seismic testing taking into account newer scientific studies on
potentially harmful impacts to marine life.
“Our formal legal request was based on new information – recently
published scientific studies on the impacts of seismic testing on fish
behaviors, zooplankton (including fish larvae), shellfish, and
crustaceans among other concerns,” Sarah Young, spokesperson for DEQ
explained in an email response to Coastal Review. Young said the new
studies show that the proposed surveys will affect North Carolina’s
marine resources in ways that are substantially different than
originally described in the applications.
Young said DEQ is also reviewing new technologies that reduce the
potential damage from current air gun configurations.
“While arrays are designed to focus sound downward in the vertical
direction, a substantial amount of acoustic energy is propagated in a
horizontal direction, providing no information regarding the geological
characteristics under investigation. This excess energy can become
trapped and travel long distances in the water column, and both short-
and long-range potential impacts have been noted,” Young said.
The governor said DEQ was preparing more information to submit during
the comment period.