The forecast Monday night looks promising for a great view along the Outer Banks of something that hasn’t been seen in eight centuries.
What has become known popularly as the “Christmas Star” is an especially vibrant planetary conjunction easily visible as the bright planets Jupiter and Saturn come together, culminating on what also happens to be the first evening of winter.
The Great Conjunction of 2020 will be visible in the southwestern sky around 5:45 p.m.
Skies will be clearing throughout the day along the Outer Banks, and we are expecting temperatures around 50. So it should be a comfortable night to head to a spot along the soundside.
On the northern beaches, the parking lot at Jockey’s Ridge State Park in Nags Head closes at 6 p.m., so you may want to consider one of the other good viewing spots with ample parking and space for social distancing.
Those include the N.C. Wildlife boat ramps in Kitty Hawk, Kill Devil Hills and Manns Harbor, the Kayak Launch at Whalebone Junction or Little Bridge on the Nags Head/Manteo Causeway, and the Old Swimming Hole at the Dare County Regional Airport.
In Cape Hatteras National Seashore, there are a number of places where you can park and get a good view, such as the turnouts along N.C. 12 on Bodie Island.
Now if you plan to drive down any of the soundside ORV routes near Avon, Buxton or on Ocracoke, a permit is still required during the winter.
In 1610, Italian astronomer Galileo Galilei pointed his telescope to the night sky, discovering the four moons of Jupiter – Io, Europa, Ganymede, and Callisto, according to NASA.
In that same year, Galileo also discovered a strange oval surrounding Saturn, which later observations determined to be its rings. These discoveries changed how people understood the far reaches of our solar system.
Thirteen years later, in 1623, the solar system’s two giant planets, Jupiter and Saturn, traveled together across the sky. Jupiter caught up to and passed Saturn, in an astronomical event known as a “Great Conjunction.”
“You can imagine the solar system to be a racetrack, with each of the planets as a runner in their own lane and the Earth toward the center of the stadium,” said Henry Throop, astronomer in the Planetary Science Division at NASA Headquarters in Washington. “From our vantage point, we’ll be able to be to see Jupiter on the inside lane, approaching Saturn all month and finally overtaking it on December 21.”
The planets regularly appear to pass each other in the solar system, with the positions of Jupiter and Saturn being aligned in the sky about once every 20 years.
What makes this year’s spectacle so rare, then? It’s been nearly 400 years since the planets passed this close to each other in the sky, and nearly 800 years since the alignment of Saturn and Jupiter occurred at night, as it will for 2020, allowing nearly everyone around the world to witness this “great conjunction.”
The closest alignment will appear just a tenth of a degree apart and last for a few days. On the 21st, they will appear so close that a pinkie finger at arm’s length will easily cover both planets in the sky. The planets will be easy to see with the unaided eye by looking toward the southwest just after sunset.
From our vantage point on Earth the huge gas giants will appear very close together, but they will remain hundreds of millions of miles apart in space. And while the conjunction is happening on the same day as the winter solstice, the timing is merely a coincidence, based on the orbits of the planets and the tilt of the Earth.
“Conjunctions like this could happen on any day of the year, depending on where the planets are in their orbits,” said Throop. “The date of the conjunction is determined by the positions of Jupiter, Saturn, and the Earth in their paths around the Sun, while the date of the solstice is determined by the tilt of Earth’s axis. The solstice is the longest night of the year, so this rare coincidence will give people a great chance to go outside and see the solar system.”
For those who would like to see this phenomenon for themselves, here’s what to do:
- Find a spot with an unobstructed view of the sky. Jupiter and Saturn are bright, so they can be seen even from most cities.
- An hour after sunset, look to the southwestern sky. Jupiter will look like a bright star and be easily visible. Saturn will be slightly fainter and will appear slightly above and to the left of Jupiter until December 21, when Jupiter will overtake it and they will reverse positions in the sky.
- The planets can be seen with the unaided eye, but if you have binoculars or a small telescope, you may be able to see Jupiter’s four large moons orbiting the giant planet.For tips and tricks on how to photograph planets from NASA: